It may have both an anti-spirochaete activity and an anti-inflammatory activity, similar to the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis. And caution is required if patients have certain heart conditions, diabetes, psoriasis etc. Btk calcium chloroquine How long does plaquenil take to work for lupus Plaquenil retinal deposits Three anti-malarial drugs are prescribed for lupus symptoms. Hydroxychloroquine Plaquenil is the most commonly prescribed because it is generally believed to cause fewer side effects; chloroquine Aralen has a reputation for more serious side effects, but it may be prescribed in situations where hydroxychloroquine cannot be used. Food. Hydroxychloroquine may also cause itching in some people. All medicines may have some side effects. Minor side effects such as nausea, occasional vomiting, or diarrhea usually do not require stopping the antimalarial drug. If you cannot tolerate your antimalarial drug, see your health care provider; other antimalarial drugs are available. Drug Revised guidelines recommend19 • Baseline examination within first year of usage of Plaquenil Hydrochloroquine or Aralen Chloroquine • Annual screening after 5 years of use **Interesting, The Royal College of Ophthalmologists in Great Britain does NOT recommend routine screening for toxicity with antimalarial drug use For prolonged treatment of lupus or arthritis, adverse effects include the acute symptoms, plus altered eye pigmentation, acne, anaemia, bleaching of hair, blisters in mouth and eyes, blood disorders, convulsions, vision difficulties, diminished reflexes, emotional changes, excessive coloring of the skin, hearing loss, hives, itching, liver problems or liver failure, loss of hair, muscle paralysis, weakness or atrophy, nightmares, psoriasis, reading difficulties, tinnitus, skin inflammation and scaling, skin rash, vertigo, weight loss, and occasionally urinary incontinence. The most common adverse effects are a mild nausea and occasional stomach cramps with mild diarrhea. For short-term treatment of acute malaria, adverse effects can include abdominal cramps, diarrhea, heart problems, reduced appetite, headache, nausea and vomiting. Plaquenil antimalarial drug Hydroxychloroquine Plaquenil, Medicines for the Prevention of Malaria While Traveling. Hydroxychloroquine renal dosing Hydroxychloroquine is an antimalarial drug which is relatively safe and well-tolerated agent for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis. Chloroquine is another antimalarial agent that is also sometimes used. Rheumatoid Arthritis Treatment Options Johns Hopkins.. Early Plaquenil Toxicity Detected without Bull’s Eye Maculopathy. Hydroxychloroquine - Side Effects, Dosage, Interactions.. Mechanism of action of hydroxychloroquine as an antirheumatic drug. Fox RI1. Author information 1Department of Rheumatology, Scripps Clinic and Research Foundation, La Jolla, CA 92037. The antimalarial agents chloroquine and hydroxychloroquine have been used widely for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis and systemic lupus erythematosus. Hydroxychloroquine is classified as an anti-malarial drug. It is similar to chloroquine Aralen and is useful in treating several forms of malaria as well as lupus. Hydroxychloroquine Plaquenil is a drug that is classified as an anti-malarial drug. Plaquenil is prescribed for the treatment or prevention of malaria. It is also prescribed for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis, lupus, and the side effects of lupus such as hair loss, joint pain, and more.